Oral Lesions, Sores and Nodules

Oral lesions, sores, and nodules can manifest in the mouth and throat for various reasons. They can be indicative of localized issues or systemic conditions. Here are some common types and causes:

1. Canker Sores (Aphthous Ulcers): These are small, painful ulcers that form on the soft tissues inside the mouth, such as the inner cheeks, tongue, and lips. They are typically not contagious and can be triggered by stress, tissue injury, or certain foods.

2. Cold Sores (Fever Blisters): Cold sores are caused by the herpes simplex virus and usually appear as fluid-filled blisters on the lips or around the mouth. They are contagious and may be triggered by stress, illness, or sun exposure.

3. Leukoplakia: This condition presents as thick, white patches on the inside of the cheeks, gums, or tongue. It is often associated with tobacco use and can be a precancerous condition, necessitating medical evaluation.

4. Oral Thrush (Candidiasis): Oral thrush is a fungal infection caused by the overgrowth of Candida yeast in the mouth. It can lead to creamy white lesions on the tongue, inner cheeks, and roof of the mouth, particularly in individuals with weakened immune systems or those taking certain medications.

5. Oral Nodules: Nodules in the oral cavity can have various causes, including trauma, infection, or systemic conditions. For instance, oral papillomas are benign growths caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), while oral lichen planus can lead to the formation of white, lacy patches and nodules.

It’s essential to seek professional medical or dental evaluation if you experience persistent or concerning oral lesions, sores, or nodules. A healthcare provider can assess the symptoms, provide an accurate diagnosis, and recommend appropriate treatment, which may involve medications, topical therapies, or addressing underlying health issues.

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